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An Invitation to Social  Construction                                       
Kenneth J  Gergen                                                                   £ 15.99

From a leading figure in the field, this introductory text forms an elegant
overview of social constructionism that is at once wide-ranging and

In this landmark work Kenneth Gergen charts the background to the
social constructionist movement and outlines the major debates, topics,
and issues in a way that is at once profound yet highly readable. It is an
interdisciplinary tour de force that will influence the development of
teaching, research and social practice for years to come.












101 Philosophy Problems                                                           
Martin Cohen                                                                            £ 8.99

This book is a fresh and original introduction to philosophy. Intended for
those with little or no prior knowledge of philosophy, such as A-level students
or readers in Further Education courses, the first part of the book presents
philosophical problems as thought experiments which stimulate and promote
thought and debate. The second part contains solutions and further
discussions, complete with a glossary of unfamiliar terms. The problems
offer the reader a thorough grounding in the history of philosophical ideas and
are discussed in a clear, concise and often humorous manner. 

The book contains
101 philosophical problems 
      Discussion of each problem in the second half of the book 
      A glossary of unfamiliar terms 
      Classical as well as contemporary problems from the fields of medical
          ethics, modern physics and artificial intelligence 

Problems include
      The Cow in the Field 
      The Society for Useless Information 
      The Dog and the Professor 
      Unmarried Bachelors 
      Descartes' Big Problem.







TV Living                                                                                   
David Gauntlett, Annette Hill                                                             £ 14.99

TV Living presents the findings of a British Film Institute project in which 500
participants completed detailed questionnaire-diaries over a five year period,
writing some three and a half million words on their lives, their television
watching, and the relationship between the two. 

Gauntlett and Hill use this extensive data to explore some of the most
fundamental questions in media and cultural studies, focusing on issues of
gender, identity, the impact of new technologies, and life changes. Opening
up new areas of debate, the study sheds new light on audiences and their
responses to issues such as sex and violence on television. The structure of
the study enables the authors to track individual respondents changing
attitudes as they approach the new media age and experience personal life
changes of their own. Each chapter addresses a major contemporary
themes in media studies :  how families negotiate viewing choices, the impact
of new technologies such as video, satellite and cable, how young people
make the transition to `adult' programming, viewer's often guilty or ambivalent
feelings about watching television, and audience responses or
representations of women, homosexuality and violence. A unique study of
contemporary TV audience behaviour and attitudes, TV Living offers a
fascinating insight into the complex relationship between mass media and
people's lives today. 







How We Write  
Michael Sharples                                      £ 14.99 

'How We Write is a thoughtful and admirably lucid
attempt to explain and demystify the mental processes
involved in the activity of writing, using the methods of
cognitive psychology but drawing on other disciplines
too. Educators, students, professionals, literary critics,
and even creative writers will all find something of
interest and practical value in its pages. The discussion
of the effects of the computer on the process of writing is
particularly shrewd and informative.'   
                                                             - David Lodge 

How We Write is an accessible guide to the entire writing process, from
forming ideas to formatting text. Combining new explanations of creativity
with insights into writing as design, it offers a full account of the mental,
physical and social aspects of writing.

How We Write explores
       How children learn to write 
       The importance of reflective thinking 
       Processes of planning, composing and revising  
       Visual design of text 
       Cultural influences on writing 
       Global hypertext and the future of collaborative and on-line writing 

By referring to a wealth of examples from writers such as Umberto Eco,
Terry Pratchett and Ian Fleming, How We Write ultimately teaches us how
to control and extend our own writing abilities. How We Write will be of value
to students and teachers of language and psychology, professional and
aspiring writers, and anyone interested in this familiar yet complex activity. 







Encyclopedia of Social and Cultural Anthroplogy  
Alan Barnard, Jonathan Spencer                £ 24.99

'This is one of those few privileged works that may
actually redefine a field. Situating current debates in the
context of the historical development of anthropology, ...
it charts a contemporary discourse that is vibrant,
sophisticated and unexpectedly coherent. This is what
post postmodernist anthropology looks like.' 
           - Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 

'The title of this extraordinarily interesting assembly of
"substantial entries" on cardinal aspects of
anthropological work reveals its focus. Little of prime
importance is missed in the wide range of topics covered
so lucidly ... the glossary is a marvel of brevity, clarity
and precision ... cross-referencing is generous and
                                               - Reference Reviews 

The Encyclopedia of Social and Cultural Anthropology provides a unique
guide to the ideas, arguments and history of the discipline which discusses
human social and cultural life in all its diversity and difference. Theory,
ethnography and history are combined in over
230 substantial entries on
topics as wide ranging as race, postmodernism, witchcraft and essentialism,
magic and methodology. 

Areas covered
       History of anthropological research, colonialism, orientalism and
              occidentalism, theories of culture and society 
       Kinship, gender and family, marriage, the body 
       Ritual and religion, language and linguistics, poetics, literacy,
              aesthetics, film, museums 
       Relations with other disciplines (e.g. archaeology, sociology) 

Structure and key features
       Comprehensive coverage :  Over
230 substantial entries provide
          comprehensive information on every major idea, individual and
          sub-discipline of social and cultural anthropology. The entries give 
          insights into anthropological thinking and definitions of specific terms.
          This approach is convenient for readers, ensuring they can find all the
          information they need in one place 
       International and up-to-date :  Over
100 international contributors, all
          experts in their fields, write clearly yet provocatively. They provide a
          variety of perspectives on crucial debates in anthropology today. A
          rigorous editorial policy ensures the Encyclopedia gives readers the
          most up-to-date information available. 
       Covers key terms, ideas and people :  The Encyclopedia eliminates
          the need to refer to other books for specific definitions or biographies.
          It contains a glossary with short explanations of more than
600 key
          terms and ideas. A biographical appendix details the lives and work of
250 important figures in the history of anthropology. 
       Unique interdisciplinary approach :  This is the only encyclopedia
          of social and cultural anthropology to cover fully the many important
          areas of overlap between anthropology and related disciplines, from
          history and literary studies to social psychology. Such topics include
          semantics, evolutionary theory and the influence of social theorists
          such as Marx, Durkheim and Weber. No other encyclopedia takes
          such a broad approach. 
       Highly accessible and easy to use :  Alphabetically organised and
          with extensive cross-referencing and indexing leading readers to
          specific definitions and explanations. Fully annotated primary and
          secondary bibliographies focus on established classics as much as
          recent works and provide further reading signposts to aid research. 








Routledge Dictionary of Language and Lingusitics  
Hadumod  Bussmann                                          £ 24.99

This is one of the best one-volume linguistics dictionaries features concise, scholarly definitions, thorough
bibliographical references, helpful diagrams and illustrations, and an
admirably broad scope.' 
                                                            - Choice 

'The field needs and should welcome this new scholarly dictionary.
Linguistics scholars will settle for nothing less than the Routledge
                                         - Rettig on Reference 

The Routledge Dictionary of Language and Linguistics is a unique
reference work for students and teachers of linguistics. The highly regarded
second edition of the Lexikon der Sprachwissenschaft by Hadumod
Bussmann has been specifically adapted by a team of over thirty specialist
linguists to form the most comprehensive and up-to-date work of its kind in
the English language. In over
2,500 entries, the Dictionary provides an
exhaustive survey of the key terminology and languages of more than
subdisciplines of linguistics. With its term-based approach and emphasis on
clear analysis, it complements perfectly Routledge’s established range of
reference material in the field of linguistics. 

The Structure
      Alphabetically organized, each entry is designed to convey the
         maximum amount of information and to meet each user’s needs 
      Clear and concise definitions of terminology, concepts and themes 
      Extensive cross-references to synonyms and related terms, salient
         English examples 
      Detailed bibliographies at the end of entries direct the reader to further
         reading sources. 








NEW and FORTHCOMING BOOKS Learning Beyond the Classroom 
Tom Bentey                                                                             £ 15.99

Key Points :  A wide ranging, radical review of educational innovation and
social change, this report argues that educational reform must focus on
connecting what happens in schools with opportunities for learning in the
wider community. The report maps practical new way of meeting the
challenges : 
      Schools could become neighbourhood hubs of learning, for adults as
           well as children 
     The option at 14 of moving from full time schooling into
           community-based learning packages, including mentoring
           work-based learning, college courses and voluntary work 
     Schools to act as agencies for young peoples' part-time employment
           and work based learning 
     Every school student to be given a mentor 

Our education system stands at  crossroads, We are demanding higher
standards and more ambitious targets than ever before from an infrastructure
which is increasingly outdated. This week the independent think tank Demos
launches a new book published by Routledge. Learning Beyond the
Classroom by Tom Bentley examines how social change is creating new
educational challenges. It argues for a new synthesis between the rigour of
the best school-based teaching and the motivational power of active,
community-based learning. Education must use a new, wider range of
resources --- social, cultural and financial --- to provide what young people need
to thrive. 

The book explores what practical lesson can be learnt from educational
innovators who are already rising to meet these challenges. If we want
today's school students to become successful lifelong learners, we must set
two tests for an effective education system : 
     How well can students apply what they learn in school to the real
           world outside 
     How well equipped are they to continue learning throughout their lives 

Back to the future the next great stage of reform for education is to
'de-school' society. This is an idea, first proposed thirty years ago by Ivan
Illich, whose time has come. Changes in technology, values and the media
have allowed knowledge to break out of the institutions which contained it in
the past. Learning Beyond the Classroom argues that education must now
do the same. More learning should take place actually in the contexts where
knowledge is applied --- in workplaces, families and communities, as well as
in schools and colleges. 

This vision requires radical changes, so that schools can progressively
transform themselves into hubs of learning networks, brokering opportunities
between young people and their surrounding communities. The report
suggests ways this vision can become a reality : 
    From the age of 14, compulsory full time schooling might come to an
         end, to be followed by different community-based learning packages
         continued for at least five years. 
    Schools could become neighbourhood learning centres, welcoming
         learners of all ages and providing social, health and careers services
         alongside a range of educational programmes. 
    Schools could be agencies for young people's part-time employment
         and work-based learning. 
    Every school student should have a mentor. 
    Students should be having lessons in museums, voluntary
         organisations and elsewhere. 
    A broader view of intelligence and ability should lead to a new
         framework of assessment. 

Existing frameworks :  A parallel infrastructure for lifelong learning is already
being created - the University for Industry, the National grid for Learning and
Individual Learning Accounts are all examples of how these bodies can work
well. The challenge is to connect this infrastructure with what happens in
schools and colleges, and to give young people the motivation, skills and
discipline to make the most of all opportunities for learning. 

Tom Bentley says : 
'For decades education policy has focused on making
institutions more effective. The new challenge is to encourage
effective learning across the whole of society, not just during
lessons and lectures.' 

Professor Michael Barber
'An excellent book: it anticipates the future and is grounded in

Professor Howard Gardner, Harvard University Graduate School of Education :
'Demos at its best - well conceived and researched, cogently
argued , grounded and forward looking.' 

Tom Bentley is a Senior Researcher at Demos and an adviser to David
Blunkett, MP. His work on education has attracted widespread attention and
his recent publications include : Employee Mutuals : the 21st Century Union?;
Under-Achievement by Young People in the UK in the late 1990s; and the
article Learning to Belong in the Wealth and poverty of networks : Tackling
Social Exclusion. 







NEW and FORTHCOMING BOOKS Growth and Development 
A P Thirwall                                     £ 20.99

'There are several textbooks on development,
 but none of them can match
Thirlwall’s in-depth discussion of major
development issues, grounded in
economic theory' 
                                      - Professor V.N.Balasubramanyam
Professor of Development Economics, Lancaster University

'This text is the best available introduction to development
economics...The revised edition, like its predecessors, will be
widely read and consulted.'
                                       -  Professor Christopher Colclough
          Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex

' is still the best available development economics
textbook for economics undergraduates.'
                                                 - Professor Norman Gemmell
Professor of Development Economics, University of Nottingham

This widely used textbook is specifically designed for students of
economics and the social sciences who are taking a first course in
economic development with a background knowledge of micro and
macro economics. It is written in a simple but rigorous way which
also makes it accessible to policy-makers and all those concerned
with the process of economic development in the Third World. In this
extensively revised and updated sixth edition there is extended
discussion on the measurement of poverty, the characteristics of
underdevelopment, the role of the State in the development process
and the financial aspects of development.

A. P. Thirlwall is Professor of Applied Economics at the University
of Kent at Canterbury in England. He has been a visiting lecturer in
several developing countries including Sudan, Brazil, Fiji, Papua New
Guinea, Malaysia, Nepal, Bangladesh, Tonga and Cote D'Ivoire, and
a consultant to the Pacific Islands Development Programme in
Hawaii, and to the African Development Bank. He is author of
several other books relating to growth and development including
Inflation, Saving and Growth in Developing Economies,
Financing Economic Development, Keynes and Economic
Development, Economic Growth and the Balance of Payments
Constraint (with J. McCombie), and The Economics of Growth
and Development :  Selected Essays.








Trading Blocs
Jagdish Bhagwati                               
$ 55.00

The recent proliferation of free trade areas and
customs unions in the world trading system has led to
an explosive revival of interest in the economic
analysis of Preferential Trade Arrangements (PTAs).
The principal theoretical question of the 1950s and
1960s (Viner) was whether PTAs would create or
divert trade, causing welfare improvement or loss. The
principal theoretical question (Bhagwati) of the late
1980s and 1990s has been whether PTAs encourage
or discourage the worldwide nondiscriminatory freeing
of trade. The essays in this volume present the central
contributions to the analytical approaches developed to
examine these questions. 

The first section of the book presents a synthesis and
analytical guide to the issues, and to the theoretical
research, as they have developed since 1950. The
following sections contain the theoretical contributions
themselves, grouped by analytical approach. This
volume will enable graduate students, scholars of
PTAs, and policymakers concerned with trade
liberalization to grasp the analytical relationships
among the sometimes disparate contributions of nearly
a half century of theoretical research on PTAs. 

Contributors :  Richard Baldwin, Jagdish Bhagwati,
Richard Brecher, C. A. Cooper, W. Max Corden,
Alan Deardorff, Ronald Findlay, Earl Grinols, Gene
Grossman, Elhanan Helpman, Harry G. Johnson,
Murray C. Kemp, Pravin Krishna, Paul Krugman,
Philip Levy, R. G. Lipsey, B. F. Massell, Robert
Mundell, Arvind Panagariya, Martin Richardson, T. N.
Srinivasan, Robert Stern, Lawrence Summers, Jacob
Viner, Henry Y. Wan, Jr. 








The Edinburgh Encyclopedia of Continental Philosophy
Simon Glendinning         
£ 70.00

The Encyclopedia of Continental
Philosophy covers --- in depth and at length ---
in a single volume the most important
authors and movements. Reflecting the
'movements-based' nature of the Continental
Philosophy tradition, the Encyclopedia
begins with the founding texts of Classical
Idealism, and each subsequent chapter follows, in order of their
emergence, the schools of thought that make up and characterize
the history of the Continental Philosophy tradition. This will be a
comprehensive introduction and essential reference tool for all
undergraduates, graduates and teachers of philosophy and the
history of ideas. 

Key Features
      An essential tool for all those working in Philosophy and
      Will be the No. 1 reference tool in the area for many years to
      A massive compilation of work from the leading scholars in
           each subject area 








Macroeconomics of Self-fulfilling Prophecies
Roger E. A. Farmer                  
$ 40.00

"The idea that changes in the beliefs of
economic agents may play an important
role in business cycle fluctuations has
made great strides during the last
decade. Roger Farmer is a leader in this
rapidly growing field of research and this
book is important reading for anyone
interested in modern macroeconomics."
                                 -- Sergio Rebelo
 Distinguished Professor of International
    Finance, Kellogg Graduate School of
  Management, Northwestern University 

For many years it was fashionable to treat
macroeconomics and microeconomics as separate
subjects without looking too deeply at the relationship
between the two. But in the 1970s there occurred an
episode of high inflation and high unemployment, which
was inconsistent with orthodox theory. As a result,
macroeconomists began to pay much greater attention
to the micro-foundations of their subject.

In this book Roger E. A. Farmer takes a somewhat
controversial point of view, arguing for the future of
macroeconomics as a branch of applied general
equilibrium theory. His main theme is that
macroeconomics is best viewed as the study of
equilibrium environments in which the welfare
theorems break down. This approach makes it possible
to discuss the role of government policies in a context
in which policy may serve some purpose.







NEW and FORTHCOMING BOOKS The Venture Capital Cycle
Paul Gompers, Josh Lerner                           $ 45.00

"Gompers and Lerner demystify the
venture capital investing and fundraising
process. Aspiring venture capitalists and
entrepreneurs can expect a big return
from an investment in this book."
                              -- Steven N. Kaplan
  University of Chicago 

The venture capital industry in the United States has
grown dramatically over the last two decades. Annual
inflows to venture funds have expanded from virtually
zero in the mid-
1970s to more than $ 9 billion in 1997.
Many of the most visible new firms --- including Apple
Computer, Genentech, Intel, Lotus, Microsoft, and
Yahoo --- have been backed by venture capital funds.
Yet despite this tremendous growth and its visible
success, venture capital remains a mysterious industry.
Numerous misconceptions persist about the nature and
role of venture capitalists.

Paul Gompers and Josh Lerner's extensive research
on venture capital organizations is based largely on
original data sets developed through close relationships
with institutional investors in venture capital funds and
investment advisors. The Venture Capital Cycle
synthesizes their path-breaking work. After a historical
overview, the book looks at the formation of funds, the
investment of the funds in operating companies, and
the liquidation of these investments. The concluding
chapter provides a road map for future research in this
growing area.

Three themes run throughout the book. The first is that
all venture capitalists confront tremendous incentive
and information problems. The second is that because
the various stages of the venture capital processes are
related, the entire process is best viewed as a cycle.
The third is that, unlike most financial markets, the
venture capital industry adjusts very slowly to shifts in
the supply of capital and the demand for financing. 








Paul Marris, Sue Thomham       £ 16.95

Paul Marris is Senior Lecturer in Media
     Studies, Sheffield Hallam University. 
Thornham is Principal Lecturer in Media and
     Communication Studies, University of Sunderland.

Announcing a second edition of the Number
One Media Textbook !  Media Studies : A Reader contains all of the
classic texts in the development of the field in Britain. With its
rigorous content and comprehensive coverage, the book provides all
the essential readings in one volume. The combination of a broad
selection of texts together with clearly written and relevant
commentaries to each section means the book is an ideal text for
classroom use and home-based learning. 

The new edition contains
      Updating of all sections to include new work on :: 
          Audience research 
          Media globalisation 
          Media discourse 
      An additional case study section on new technologies 
      Further Reading lists updated 
      Introductory essays to each section expanded 
      Internal layout completely redesigned for ease of use 







Human Relationship with Nature
Peter H. Kahn                            
$ 34.95

"Kahn is a thoughtful and sensitive guide
across a far-reaching intellectual
landscape, illuminating the relevance of
ecological reasoning for many of the 
key intellectual controversies in
developmental psychology."
                              -- Charles C. Helwig
Associate  Professor of Psychology
                             University of Toronto 

Urgent environmental problems call for vigorous
research and theory on how humans develop a
relationship with nature. In a series of original research
projects, Peter Kahn answers this call. For the past
eight years Kahn has studied children, young adults,
and parents in diverse geographical locations ranging
from an economically impoverished black community
in Houston to a remote village in the Brazilian

In these studies Kahn seeks answers to the 
following questions

      How do people value nature, and
          how do they reason morally about environmental
      Do children have a deep connection to
          the natural world that gets severed by modern society or
          do such connections emerge, if at all, later in life,
          with increased cognitive and moral maturity?.
      How does culture affect environmental commitments and
      Are there universal features in the human relationship with nature?

Kahn's empirical and theoretical findings draw on current work in
psychology, biology, environmental behavior, education, policy
and moral development.

This scholarly yet accessible book will be of value to
practitioners in the social science and environmental
fields, as well as to informed generalists interested in
environmental issues and children. 








Lives of Indian Images
Richard H. Davis                                                                                
$ 18.95

"This book is full of fresh ideas, ideas that have a kind of timeliness to them
such that one gives ones assent as soon as one reads them. The author's voice
is welcoming, accessible,and jargon-free. The scholarship is sound and deep,
but the manner of the telling is light,intelligent, quickly flowing, and unponderous."
                     --Thomas R. Trautmann, University of Michigan

"This is imaginative and innovative scholarship that jumps over the walls between
religious studies, art history, and cultural criticism. The case studies of images
are wide-ranging, from temple lootings in medieval wars and representations of
Indo-Muslim iconoclasm, to colonial re-coding, modern co-modifications, and
revisions on the part of contemporary India's religious right. Davis walks the
reader through great historical periods pointing out everywhere the situated
practices by which the meanings of images are constantly being remade."
                               -- Sheldon Pollock, University of Chicago

For many centuries, Hindus have taken it for granted that the religious images
they place in temples and home shrines for purposes of worship are alive.
Hindu priests bring them to life through a complex ritual 'establishment' that
invokes the god or goddess into material support. Priests and devotees then
maintain the enlivened image as a divine person through ongoing liturgical activity :
they must awaken it in the morning, bathe it, dress it, feed it, entertain it, praise it,
and eventually put it to bed at night. In this linked series of case studies of Hindu
religious objects, Richard Davis argues that in some sense these believers are
correct: through ongoing interactions with humans, religious objects are brought
to life.

Davis draws largely on reader-response literary theory and anthropological
approaches to the study of objects in society in order to trace the biographies of
Indian religious images over many centuries. He shows that Hindu priests and
worshipers are not the only ones to enliven images. Bringing with them differing
religious assumptions, political agendas, and economic motivations, others may
animate the very same objects as icons of sovereignty, as polytheistic 'idols' as
'devils' as potentially lucrative commodities, as objects of sculptural art, or as
symbols for a whole range of new meanings never foreseen by the images' makers
or original worshipers.

Reviews :
"This book offers a new way of discussing images in Indian history that goes
beyond the formal analysis of traditional art history."  
                                                             -- Choice

"This is the best kind of scholarly book :  literate, not without a sense of humor,
genuinely informative, pertinent and consequential, and accessible yet highly erudite.
A triumph."
            -- The Times Higher Education Supplement

"Davis writes with an elegance not common in scholarly books."
                                    -- Journal of Asian Studies

"Davis masterfully explores the intersections among possible frames for
understanding Indian images.... Essential reading not only for anyone interested
in the ways in which cultural interactions have changed over the centuries."
                                   -- Religious Studies Review

"Richard Davis has again produced a book that is rich with many layers of
meaning and beauty, a book that causes the reader to give pause to previous
notions about Indian art and the ways in which we view it.... This is a book that
could only have been created with vigorous, meticulous research and the pulling
together of sources not ordinarily converging in one study."
                    --- Critical Review of Books in Religion

Richard H. Davis is Associate Professor of Religious Studies at Yale University.
His previous publications include Ritual in an Oscillating Universe : Worshiping
& Sacuteiva in Medieval India.






NEW and FORTHCOMING BOOKS Language Creation and Language Change
Michel DeGraff                                       
$ 65.00 

Research on creolization, language change, and
language acquisition has been converging toward a
triangulation of the constraints along which
grammatical systems develop within individual
speakers--and (viewed externally) across generations
of speakers. The originality of this volume is in its
comparison of various sorts of language development
from a number of linguistic-theoretic and empirical
perspectives, using data from both speech and gestural
modalities and from a diversity of acquisition
environments. In turn, this comparison yields fresh
insights on the mental bases of language creation. 

The book is organized into five parts: creolization and
acquisition; acquisition under exceptional
circumstances; language processing and syntactic
change; parameter setting in acquisition and through
creolization and language change; and a concluding
part integrating the contributors' observations and
proposals into a series of commentaries on the state of
the art in our understanding of language development,
its role in creolization and diachrony, and implications
for linguistic theory. 

Contributors :  Dany Adone, Derek Bickerton,
Adrienne Bruyn, Marie Coppola, Michel DeGraff,
Viviane Déprez, Alison Henry, Judy Kegl, David
Lightfoot, John S. Lumsden, Salikoko S. Mufwene,
Pieter Muysken, Elissa L. Newport, Luigi Rizzi, Ian
Roberts, Ann Senghas, Rex A. Sprouse, Denise
Tangney, Anne Vainikka, Barbara S. Vance, Maaike